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Figure 2 indicates the standard deviation of the forest fire occurrences by district for the last six years. As can be

seen, the fire phenomena is characterised by an exponential tendency (burned areas) and not a linear increase as can be

expected or think preliminary, which in other terms means a critic situation for a near future and suggest to take a high

alert about this problem.

The ongoing of forest fires in Albania as is presented also by the graphic is in a continuous increase during over the last 20

years. An important index to evaluate the nature of distribution of forest fires is the standard deviation of occurrence,

given to the following figures related to all the districts in Albania.

The forest fires occurrence in Albania during the last 20 years is characterized by an increase, as for the number of cases

observed as well as for the surface affected, arriving on the last three years values which are over the average of the other

Mediterranean countries. This means that if no immediate measure will be undertaken to protect the forest from fires, on a

near future it might be expected a higher degree of damage in our natural resource – forest base.

To complete the judgment about the forest fires, in the above mentioned figure is presented also the rate in percentage

between the burned areas and affected zones by districts, which in national level is about 22%.

Figure 1. Intra-annual distribution of wildfires (number of fires) in Albania during the period 1996-2001.

Figure 2. Forest fire statistics of Albania for the period 1981-2001.


Area burned in Ha

Fires occurrences Area burned Expon. (Area burned) Linear (Fires occurrences)

2.3 Causes of Forest Fires in Albania

Examining the reasons of forest fires, it is revealed that 29 % of forest fires arise from carelessness and negligence, 61%

from unknown reasons, 9% from intentionally reasons and only 1% from unusual events and from lightning. However,

it should be understood that even forest fires marked as “caused by unknown reasons” are considered as started by

people. As these fires are not known exactly why they were started by and therefore, they are called as “unknown

reasons”. In this case, it can be concluded that people cause a great portion of the forest fires occurred in Albania. These

values don't differ so much from the other data of Mediterranean countries. Figure 3 shows the causes of forest fires by

individual years between 1996 and 2001. Figure 4 shows the damages according to causes of fires.

Figure 3. Repartition of forest fires according fire causes in Albania for the period 1996-2001

Figure 4. Value of damages according to causes of fires




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