Home Publications ------Publication6
INTEGRATED DRINI RIVER BASIN MANAGEMENT (IDBM/CEPF, 2014-2015)

Working with four villages to end soil erosion in an entire river basin

http://www.birdlife.org/europe-and-central-asia/news/working-four-villages-end-soil-erosion-entire-river-basin ,

Video is now up on our YouTube page, the direct link to the video itself is: Click Here




The Drini River basin provides multiple services to the inhabitants of northern Albania.

Shown here at the border of Albania and F.Y.R.O. Macedonia. Photo: Mehmet Metaj; AlbaForest. By Shaun Hurrell, Fri, 13/02/2015 - 12:20

 

The entire catchment area of a river and its tributaries is a large, complex, interaction of ecosystems. In Albania, the Drini River basin is a Key Biodiversity Area that provides multiple services to the inhabitants of northern Albania. But currently rain is washing bare soil away into the river, and all of the beneficial ecosystem services along with it – like nutrients to provide crop fertility, water storage by forests, fresh water filtration and flood protection.



 

Pobreg, Tërthore, Kukës


Soil erosion is a big problem in the Drini River basin. Photo: Mehmet Metaj; Albaforest

National water policies in the Mediterranean are mostly exploiting water – with efforts to increase water supply for a growing population and increase the number of hydroelectric dams. Recognising the need to take the needs of biodiversity and ecosystems into account (which also benefits local people), the Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund (CEPF) is funding projects that take an holistic approach to water management. In Albania, CEPF fund a project led by Albaforest (Centre for Forest Studies and Consulting) to undertake Integrated River Basin Management (IRBM) of the Drini River basin.

AlbaForest are tackling the big task by starting small - they are piloting four micro-projects aimed at preventing soil erosion in the basin; which will then be used to inform IRBM for the entire catchment. They are planting 60,000 trees, seeding grasses and herbs, trialing the installation of small anti-erosion structure and improving the management of grazing pastures.

Community

 

Pobreg, Tërthore, Kukës


 

Working with local villages to plant 60,000 trees to prevent soil erosion. Photo: Mehmet Metaj, AlbaForest

Any attempt to restore or conserve a large area must involve the local communities of people living there.

This is why Albaforest decided to pilot the micro-project in selected areas that involve four villages - the variation in activities having been adapted to the local context and needs.

“We are strengthening a solid foundation of knowledge of the river basin and the natural and socio-economic forces that influence it,” said Mehmet Metaj, AlbaForest’s Project Manager.

A fundamental goal of CEPF is to ensure civil society is engaged in biodiversity conservation, and through AlbaForest’s integrated approach in this project, local NGOs, stakeholders, land-users and the community representatives from the four villages are all being trained through workshops, courses and field visits. Through this process, local people will be taught the know-how and techniques needed to effectively rehabilitate the basin together. This is important for the future of their land, and for demonstrating the benefits of IRBM to the Albanian government.

“Information, sensitisation and awareness among communities (mainly women, young people and children) is the only alternative to preventing further soil erosion and ecosystem degradation in our country,” says Mehmet.

CEPF is working with projects in specific areas of the Mediterranean to best manage river basins with this integrated approach. Grantees from Albania, Macedonia, Montenegro and Morocco using IRBM have the ability to learn from each other, exchanging advice on conservation management to avoid desertification of the region.


BirdLife International - including its Middle East office and the BirdLife Partners DOPPS/BirdLife Slovenia and LPO (Ligue pour la Protection des Oiseaux, BirdLife in France) - is providing the Regional Implementation Team (RIT) for the Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund (CEPF) in the Mediterranean Basin Biodiversity Hotspot (CEPF Med).

 

Find out more at www.birdlife.org/cepf-med.

 

The Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund (CEPF) is a joint initiative of l’Agence Française de Développement (AFD), Conservation International (CI), the European Union, the Global Environment Facility (GEF), the Government of Japan, the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, and the World Bank. Additional support in the Mediterranean Basin is provided by the MAVA Foundation. A fundamental goal is to ensure civil society is engaged in biodiversity conservation. More information on CEPF can be found at www.cepf.net.

CEPF project title: Integrated Drini River Basin Management

Grantee: AlbaForest (Centre for Forest Studies and Consulting) www.albaforest.com

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Comment: 18.02.2015

CEPF has already been active and supportive to the Balkan’s critical ecosystems restoration projects in the scope of Mediterranean Basin and also it’s a great enhancement of NGOs working on degraded and critical habitats and nature conservation, .but not only the CEPF has supported and integrated watershed management project as is it of Drini Basin Management (IDBM) implementing by the Center ALBAFOREST, for the period 2014-2015.

In Albania, the Drini River basin is a Key Biodiversity Area that provides multiple services to the inhabitants of northern Albania. But currently rain is washing bare soil away into the river, and all of the beneficial ecosystem services along with it – like nutrients to provide crop fertility, water storage by forests, fresh water filtration and flood protection.

The Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund (CEPF) is funding projects that take an holistic approach to water management. In Albania, CEPF fund a project led by AlbaForest (Centre for Forest Studies and Consulting) to undertake Integrated River Basin Management (IRBM) of the Drini River basin.

 

AlbaForest are tackling the big task by starting small - they are piloting four micro-projects aimed at preventing soil erosion in the basin; which will then be used to inform IRBM for the entire catchment. They are planting 60,000 trees, seeding grasses and herbs, trialing the installation of small anti-erosion structure and improving the management of grazing pastures.

 

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Project  Title: Integrated Drini Basin Management (IDBM)

Prepared by: Mehmet Metaj, (www.albaforest.com );

Organization: ALBAFOREST ( Centre for Forest Studies and Consulting) ;

Supporting Foundation: CEPF (Critical Ecosystems Partnership Fund, www.cepf.int );

The overall development goal of the project was: “Drini’s basin integrated management through degraded natural resources and critical ecosystems restoration through identifying the existing natural ecosystems and environmental problems and demonstrate rehabilitation measures through combined biological models of critical ecosystems of rehabilitation and micro-catchments in the selected sites and communities of Drini basin.”

This objective was achieved through 3 main components:

1- Field survey of environmental and natural ecosystems status , mapping and identify sites to demonstrate combined biological models of mini-projects of 4-selected micro-catchments in the 4-regions (Dibra, Kukësi, Shkodra, Lezha).

 

2- Demonstration of environmental rehabilitation interventions in the selected areas by combined biological measures in the selected micro-catchments of Drini basin (4-regions), by planting trees and check-dams installation and fences erection and also grasses/herbaceous seeding in the selected Drini's basin of the 4-regions rehabilitation pilot areas.):

The pre-selected micro-catchments were located in the following communities and regions:

(i)   “Gjoricë”, in the Dibra region,

(ii)  “Vig-Mnelë”, in the Shkodra region ;

(iii)  “Terthore”, in the Kukësi region;

(iv)  “Blinisht” in the Lezha region ;

 

3-Capacity building of Drini basin’s communities and stakeholders, environmental and land users NGOs (3-informative workshops, 3-training courses, 3-field symposia, public-awareness-raising, develop local-strategic action plan, etc).

 

The project’s combined biological models to be demonstrated will consist of the following:

—  Planting forest saplings and scions-cuttings

—  Construction of check-dams

—  Erecting fences along with torrent streams

—  Seeding grasses of cultivated pastures

Planting forest saplings and scions/cuttings;

(i)In total there are planned to be planting 60,000 trees, and the planting trees will be native and indigenous species and neither exotic and nor invasive spp.

(ii)Soil stabilization and antierosive biological interventions works as   are installation of 400 m³ check-dams, 200 m³ double fences and 200 m2 single fences, erecting fences along with torrent streams;

(iii) Seeding grasses of cultivated pastures on 4000 m2.

The project is meeting the global overarching and interlinked components:

1. Strengthening protection and management of globally significant biodiversity.

2. Increasing local and national capacity to integrate biodiversity conservation into development and landscape planning.

3. Effective monitoring and knowledge sharing.

4. Ecosystem profile development and program execution.

5. Support community-based capacity building for integrated NR's management.

 

Short-term Impacts (1-3 Years):

—  The project short-term impact is: The project has develop a holistic Drini's basin field survey of environmental and natural ecosystems status and demonstrate combined rehabilitation biological models and support community-based capacity building;

—  The project has contributing to:

 

—  1.Rehabilitation of bared/eroded land and degraded nature though demonstration combined biological models measures in the selected pilot areas of Drini’s basin as: reforestation, check-dams installation and fences erection and herbaceous grasses-seeding.

—  2. Reducing the landslide through reduction of the erosion scale in the rehabilitated area and torrents courses and the visible positive impact in minimizing the downstream sedimentation and water turbulences and landslides stabilization;

—  3.Reinstalling of forest and grassland vegetation in the rehabilitated area of the critical ecosystem sites and restoration of the natural spontaneous vegetation of the damaged sites in the rehabilitation pilot-areas; (in 4-selected regional sites within Drini's basin);

—  4. Re-establish soil and water balance and flooding prevention, increase wood production and soil productivity of the Drini watershed and contributing in carbon sequestration in the selected rehabilitation pilot areas of Drini’s basin, by planting of 60,000 forest trees within degraded areas/sites.

—  5.Promote build the antierosive and protective check-dams against sedimentation by curving of soil loss and curving downstream sedimentation to the Drini basin catchments through demonstrate of mini-projects development applied in the selected most degraded micro-catchments and ecosystems sites by installing 400 m3 check-dams, erecting 200 m3 double fences and 200 ml single fences and seeding of 4000 m2 herbaceous grass.

—  6.Support Drini’s basin community-based capacity building through know-how provision and organize 3-training workshops to upgrade community capacities for sustainable NRs managements, and develop and deliver a local-regional strategic action plan for “Drini” basin’s integrated management.

 

Long-term Impacts (3+ Years):

 

1. Restore degraded natural resources and preserve important critical ecosystems.

2. Preservation and enhancing of biodiversity of the mountainous ecosystems and flooding prevention

 

3. Support “Drini” basin communities capacity building and creating decentralized best landuse practices and NR management by the local Government’s through training and active participation in creating sustainable NR management models approach.

 

 

 
Build by Creativeidea.info
?>